Organic wastes make up to 28 % of the global waste load. According to the 2013 Waste Report by the Department of Environment and Energy, in the year 2010-2011, Australia alone produced 14 Million tonnes of pure organic waste. And, the numbers are significantly increasing.
When you dump organic wastes into the bin, chances are high that they will be carried into the landfill. Though they will indeed degenerate or end up in an incinerator, toxic organic wastes will decompose to form methane gas. This gas is 25 times more potent form of greenhouse gas as compared to carbon (IV) Oxide.
So, what should you do with the wastes in your home?
Being environmentally conscious starts with viewing organic wastes in the lenses of productivity. Generally, these wastes are valuable resources that can be turned into organically marketable products.
Composted wastes are rich in nutrients that help plants grow for a hefty harvest. Meaning, by composting, you will divert your organic waste stream from the landfill route to agriculturally beneficial way.
When composting, divide your waste into four categories:
- Browns–these wastes include branches, twigs and dead leaves
- Greens–these wastes include grass clippings, coffee grounds, fruit scraps and vegetables
- Food leftovers–Eggshells, nutshells and teabags
- Recyclable packaging materials–cardboards and shredded papers
Your compost heap must contain the same amount of greens and browns, and enough water to necessitate decomposition.
In your homestead environment, you can compost your organic wastes in the:
- Select a shady dry spot in your backyard
- Dig a compost heap or place a bin in the vicinity
- Collect and add both brown and green wastes alternatively. Make sure to keep the materials moist while chopping huge chunks into small pieces.
- Add grass clippings into the waste. Then finally, bury vegetables, fruits, food leftovers and shredded recyclable packaging into the heap once it has grown to size.
- You can then proceed and cover the compost with a tarp to keep it moist.
Indoor composting is common among people with no outdoor spaces. Here, all you need is a special type of a bin that is large enough to carry your organic wastes. Such bins exist in most stores.
However, indoor compost demands proper care. Unless you are conscious about what ends up in the waste, you may be at risk of pest infestation and awful odour. Otherwise, an indoor space offers an ideal environment necessary for quality compost fertiliser in just four to five weeks.
A recent study by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates global food wastes at 90 billion annually. However, according to another research, when this amount can be donated as animal feeders, the result is adequate food that can feed 3 billion of the global population.
If you are a farmer, then there is a way to effectively turn your food waste stream to your economic advantage. You can add breeders such as pigs and goats in the bracket to maximise your profits. Some other species of animals that can feed on food wastes include cows, dogs and sheep.
However, not everyone is a farmer. If you fall in the second bracket, then the only way to effectively getting rid of the wastes is through donating them to second parties. Grass clippings can be bundled up and dried to form hay before donation.
Make a worm bin
A worm bin is one of the surest ways of eliminating organic house wastes. The technique works better if you have young children in your homestead. Moreover, this technique does not need any capital or a lot in terms of energy to jumpstart. With just a clean container or bin, you are good to go.
To make a makeshift worm bin, you will need the small creepy creatures. Visit a nearby garden or pet store and ask for the best worms for the home bin. Once you have acquired an ideal species of the creepy crawler, go ahead and put them inside the bin. You may need an artificial makeshift worm food to jumpstart your bin.
You can initially start by adding small organic particles in the bin. In about 2-3 days, You will notice that the worms consume your wastes just as they do to the artificial food. As they consume organic food, these worms release castings that you can use to enrich your garden soil or offer for sale.
Organic wastes are valuables that should not be tossed into the bin or left to land in the landfill. For farmers, other than composting, you can add the wastes directly into your garden and leave them to decompose.
To learn more about other effective ways to manage garden wastes, Call Paul’s Rubbish Removal at 0407 125 125.